“Good-Governance” means processes and institutions produce results that meet the needs of society while making the best use of resources at their disposal. The concept of efficiency in the context of good governance also covers the sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of the environment. It is concerned with structure and processes for decision making, accountability, control and behaviour at the top of an entity.
According to PAC India organization, Jharkhand state languishes at the bottom on the criteria of governance. Jharkhand was created on 15th November 2000. Since then Governance in Jharkhand has deteriorated. Even the Adivasi Chief Minister could not provide good governance. It stressed that the Adivasi community as a whole had failed to give a positive (political, social, economic, cultural, etc.) direction to the Adivasi-dominated state.
The tribal community seems to be the most vulnerable and politically voiceless, though after the creation of Jharkhand, there were Tribal Chief Ministers, but they were either voiceless or under the burden of party pressure. They are highly obliged to the political party they represented. Consequently, the Tribal issues were hardly ever raised in the corridors of power. It seems clear that the community suffers from leadership vacuum. Most of the Gram Sabhas and other traditional bodies are also under the clutches of political parties. The community does not possess political power in the real sense due to lack of the politicisation of the community. Denied of their being tribal by destroying their culture, making them caste-class based society, individual centric economy, depriving them of their ownership over natural resources by allowing corporate sector to grab tribal land in the name of national development
Governance is a system and process, not a single activity and therefore successful implementation of a good governance strategy requires a systematic approach that incorporates strategic planning, risk management and performance management. Like culture, it is a core component of the unique characteristics of a successful organisation.
Here, SIGN is trying to play the role of facilitator to promote Good Governance from the village level so that the confidence of tribals is preserved and strengthened. SIGN trying to bring the tribals out of culture of silence. If tribals are united at the village level they promote good governance at the state level. SIGN promotes local level governance by forming, promoting and strengthening Gram Sabhas.